DIW report on Adlershof for download
"Impact on added value, employment and tax revenues in Berlin"
At the end of 2010, WISTA MANAGEMEMT GMBH commissioned DIW econ GmbH, the consulting company of the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW), to assess regional economic stimuli resulting from the economic and scientific activities in the Adlershof development area for added value, employment and tax revenues in Berlin. Moreover, DIW econ conducted research on the development of public and private sector investments and future growth scenarios for Adlershof. The regional economic analysis shows that the technology park, media city and business park of the Adlershof development area together represent one of the most dynamic growth locations in Berlin.
The principal conclusions are: „ Over 1 billion euros of gross value added was generated directly in Adlershof in 2010. In addition to that a further 740 million euros in gross value added in other parts of Berlin was indirectly triggered by Adlershof. „ In 2010, over 14,000 people were employed in Adlershof. For every employed person in Adlershof there was another employed person in other parts of Berlin who depended on the former, so that the overall effect was just under 28,000 employed persons. „ In 2010, Adlershof triggered 340 million euros of tax revenue. Around 180 million euros of which remained in the state of Berlin. „ Since 2005 Adlershof has been growing very dynamically. This applies both for sales (+10.9 percent/year) and gross value added (+7.2 percent/year) and for tax revenue (+7.1 percent/year) and the number of employed persons (+3.8 percent/year).
These values are well above the comparable figures for Berlin or Germany. Since the Adlershof Technology and Science Park was established in 1991 a total of 1.3 billion euros of public funds have been invested in the development area’s infrastructure and facilities. These stimulating investments were the basis for technology-oriented companies settling here and their dynamic growth. On this basis, both the volume of investment and the proportion of private sector investments have been increasing in the period since 2005. In the years 2005-2010, the proportion of private sector investments was just below 70 percent, so that by now we can speak of a sustainable and self-sustaining dynamic. Calculations based on the available space in the development area show that a further growth in employment of up to 18,800 jobs is possible in the development area in the future.
Whether this potential can be exploited depends on a number of factors that are – at least part – beyond the control of the park’s management and policy decisions in the city of Berlin. If, however, more innovative and more high-growth companies from future-oriented industries consistently continue to settle here, it is likely that the existing, above-average growth trajectory will be maintained and the area capacity of the technology park fully utilized between 2025 and 2033.As a city for Science, Economy and Media, the Berlin Adlershof development area encompasses the Science and Technology Park, the Media City as well as those parts of the development area, in which more businesses and service companies are located.
The previous history of the parts of the region may well be varied, but in recent years it has been possible to observe a common, positive development. An earlier study by DIW econ showed that the activities of the businesses and institutions in Berlin Adlershof have a significant, positive effect on the whole of Berlin’s economy: for 2006, a total effect of around 1 billion euros in gross value added was measured, including 20,980 employed persons by correlation1. Since then, the success story of Berlin Adlershof persevered. It was also possible to overcome the global economic and financial crisis of 2008 and 2009. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the economic stimulus coming from the Adlershof development area on the regional economy of Berlin, with a focus on added value, employment and tax revenues. In addition, the development of public and private sector investments since its founding in 1991 is assessed and, on the basis of a scenario analysis, the future growth potential of the development area is evaluated
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